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Coris julis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mediterranean rainbow wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Coris julis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Coris julis (Mediterranean rainbow wrasse)
Coris julis
Male picture by Patzner, R.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 0 - 120 m (Ref. 27115), usually 1 - 60 m (Ref. 4742).   Temperate; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 27115); 59°N - 1°S, 32°W - 36°E

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Sweden to south of Cape Lopez, Gabon. Also known from the Mediterranean Sea. Specimen of Coris from Cape Verde and Senegal southward are probably Coris atlantica (Ref. 33411), here still treated as a junior synonym pending a definite publication of validity.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2683); common length : 20.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4742); 最大記録サイズ: 7 年 (Ref. 72479)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 8 - 10; 背鰭 (合計): 11-12; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 11 - 12. Snout with 4-6 cephalic pores. Spiny rays flexible. No scales on head and on base of dorsal and anal fins. Vertebrae 25-26. Males: first 3 dorsal rays elongated, with an orange or red and black spot. Along the flanks, a- longitudinal zigzag orange or red stripe. Females and juveniles: a longitudinal large whitish stripe along flanks, a mid-longitudinal zigzag, dark brown stripe.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eelgrass beds. Usually found between 1-60 m, but old males stay in deeper water. Found in deeper waters during winter. Sometimes solitary, among rocks, often with numerous specimens in its immediate vicinity. Buries itself in sand at night or when frightened. Feeds on small gastropods, sea urchins, shrimps, worms, isopods and amphipods. Sexually mature when 1 year old. Protogynous species; females change sex to become males; specimen above 18 cm length are all males (Ref. 35388). Pelagic eggs (Ref. 4742).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Females change sex to males before 18 cm TL. Sex reversal is completed in several weeks up to 5.5 months (Ref. 34185, 34255, 35388). Also Ref. 103751.

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Westneat, Mark | 協力者

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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共通名の
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生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
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水産養殖の紹介
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 27.7, mean 19 (based on 636 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00775 - 0.01124), b=3.06 (3.01 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.11; tm=1).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.