Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Trachonurus: Greek, trachon, -onos = roughness + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Iwamoto.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 770 - 1293 m (Ref. 35909). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35909)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. Grooved lateral line present; body scales relatively small, lateral line scales over distance equal to predorsal length 39-50, scale rows between pelvic fin base and operculum 11-12, below midbase of first dorsal fin to anal fin 26-30, below origin of second dorsal fin 6-9; scale covering on gular and branchiostegal membranes extensive; teeth in both jaws relatively small, but with a distinctly enlarged outer series on premaxillary and a slightly enlarged inner series on dentary; total gill rakers on inner series of first arch 9-13, on inner and outer series of second arch 9-12. Snout protruding, angular.
A benthic species found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and A. Williams, 1999. Grenadiers (Pisces, Gadiformes) from the continental slope of western and northwestern Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 51(3):105-243. (Ref. 35909)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2 - 5.7, mean 5 (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00095 - 0.00502), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .