Thalassoma lunare, Moon wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

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Thalassoma lunare (Linnaeus, 1758)

Moon wrasse
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Thalassoma lunare   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassoma lunare (Moon wrasse)
Thalassoma lunare
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 20 m (Ref. 9823), usually 1 - 20 m (Ref. 27115).   亚热带的; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 36°S, 24°E - 136°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4392) to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and northern New Zealand (Ref. 1602). Reported to have formed a hybrid with Thalassoma rueppellii (Ref. 41655).
印度-太平洋: 红海与东非 (参考文献 4392) 到列岛群岛, 北至日本南部, 南至罗得豪岛与纽西兰北部.(参考文献 1602) 报告到已经形成一个以 鲁氏锦鱼〔Thalassoma rueppellii〕 杂交.(参考文献 41655)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5450)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 13; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 11. Adults are identified by the yellow lunate tail. Large males turn blue on the head that grades to green towards the tail (Ref. 48636). Body dark green to blue with vertical red to purplish red lines. Head green to blue with irregular pink to violet bands. Adults with large yellow crescent posteriorly in caudal fin and blue pectoral fins with a large elongate pink area distally. Juveniles with a large dark spot in middle of dorsal fin and a large diffuse black spot at base of caudal fin (Ref 9823).
成鱼被鉴别特徵为黄色的新月状的尾部。 大的雄性呈蓝色的头部颜色渐层变化成对于尾部的绿色.(参考文献 48636) 身体深绿色的到蓝色有垂直的红色到带紫色的红色线。 头部绿色到蓝色有不规则的粉红色到紫罗兰色的条纹。 在尾鳍后部成鱼有大的黄色新月,而且蓝色末梢部地胸鳍有一个大的细长粉红的区域。 在尾鳍基底 (参考文献 9823) 的背鳍中央与一个大的扩散黑色的斑点中稚鱼有一个大的深色斑点。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs solitary or in groups (Ref. 90102) in the upper portions of lagoon and coastal reefs, and in protected seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Enters estuaries (Ref. 48636). Usually found on upper portions of ledges and heads (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates and fish eggs (Ref. 9823). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

出现于舄湖与岸礁的上面部分, 与在遮蔽的临海礁石中.(参考文献 1602) 进入河口。 (参考文献 48636) 通常发现于岩架与头部的上面部分。 (参考文献 9710) 主要吃小型底栖的无脊椎动物与鱼卵。 (参考文献 9823) 一个雌性先熟的雌雄同体.(参考文献 55367)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Length at sex change = 11.0 cm TL, forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367).印度-太平洋: 红海与东非 (参考文献 4392) 到列岛群岛, 北至日本南部, 南至罗得豪岛与纽西兰北部.(参考文献 1602) 报告到已经形成一个以 鲁氏锦鱼〔Thalassoma rueppellii〕 杂交.(参考文献 41655)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 June 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1296 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00814 - 0.01948), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.