Thalassoma lunare, Moon wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

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Thalassoma lunare (Linnaeus, 1758)

Moon wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thalassoma lunare   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassoma lunare (Moon wrasse)
Thalassoma lunare
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 20 m (Ref. 9823), usually 1 - 20 m (Ref. 27115).   亞熱帶的; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 36°S, 24°E - 136°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4392) to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and northern New Zealand (Ref. 1602). Reported to have formed a hybrid with Thalassoma rueppellii (Ref. 41655).
印度-太平洋: 紅海與東非 (參考文獻 4392) 到列島群島, 北至日本南部, 南至羅得豪島與紐西蘭北部。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5450)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 13; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 11. Adults are identified by the yellow lunate tail. Large males turn blue on the head that grades to green towards the tail (Ref. 48636). Body dark green to blue with vertical red to purplish red lines. Head green to blue with irregular pink to violet bands. Adults with large yellow crescent posteriorly in caudal fin and blue pectoral fins with a large elongate pink area distally. Juveniles with a large dark spot in middle of dorsal fin and a large diffuse black spot at base of caudal fin (Ref 9823).
成魚被鑑別特徵為黃色的新月狀的尾部。 大的雄性呈藍色的頭部顏色漸層變化成對於尾部的綠色.(參考文獻 48636) 身體深綠色的到藍色有垂直的紅色到帶紫色的紅色線。 頭部綠色到藍色有不規則的粉紅色到紫羅蘭色的條紋。 在尾鰭後部成魚有大的黃色新月,而且藍色末梢部地胸鰭有一個大的細長粉紅的區域。 在尾鰭基底 (參考文獻 9823) 的背鰭中央與一個大的擴散黑色的斑點中稚魚有一個大的深色斑點。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs solitary or in groups (Ref. 90102) in the upper portions of lagoon and coastal reefs, and in protected seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Enters estuaries (Ref. 48636). Usually found on upper portions of ledges and heads (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates and fish eggs (Ref. 9823). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

出現於潟湖與岸礁的上游部位, 與在遮蔽的臨海礁石中.(參考文獻 1602) 進入河口。 (參考文獻 48636) 通常發現於岩架與頭部的上游部位。 (參考文獻 9710) 主要吃小型底棲的無脊椎動物與魚卵。 (參考文獻 9823) 一個雌性先熟的雌雄同體.(參考文獻 55367)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Length at sex change = 11.0 cm TL, forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367).印度-太平洋: 紅海與東非 (參考文獻 4392) 到列島群島, 北至日本南部, 南至羅得豪島與紐西蘭北部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 June 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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漁業: 低經濟; 水族館: 商業性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1296 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00814 - 0.01948), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.