Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Cataetyx: Greek, kata = down + Greek, etix, stixo, stizo = to prick, to puncture. More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 300 - 1000 m (Ref. 34024). Deep-water; 46°N - 32°N
Eastern Pacific: northern Oregon, USA to Pacific coast of Baja California and the Gulf of California. Specimens from the Gulf of Panama and Chile either this species or still undescribed.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38374)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 74 - 86;
Vertebrae: 59 - 63. scales present on body and head; eye diameter less than snout length; prominent opercular spine present; lateral ethmoid bone developed as a sharp retrorse suborbital spine; palatine teeth present; 3 well developed rakers on first arch; male intromittent organ on a broad, fleshy pad or stalk (Ref. 38374); branchiostegal rays: 8 (Ref. 36488).
Locally abundant (Ref. 34024). Juveniles mesopelagic, larger individuals benthic at depths of 600 to 1,000 m (Ref. 34024). Ovoviviparous with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36488).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 36488).
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.8 - 6.9, mean 5.3 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .