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Hemigymnus melapterus (Bloch, 1791)

Blackeye thicklip
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Native range
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Hemigymnus melapterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemigymnus melapterus (Blackeye thicklip)
Hemigymnus melapterus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Hemigymnus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 27115).   熱帶; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 36°S, 24°E - 138°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Micronesia, Samoa (Ref. 2334), and Polynesia (Ref. 9823).
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到密克羅尼西亞,美屬薩摩亞 (參考文獻 2334) 與玻利尼西亞.(參考文獻 9823)

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 93095)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 10-11; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 11. This species is distinguished by the following characters: gill rakers 26-29; small juveniles dark brown, green on snout and interorbital, with a slightly oblique white bar from front of dorsal fin to abdomen, and 2 narrow pale yellowish bars below soft portion of dorsal fin that fade ventrally; larger juveniles have a white bar from origin of dorsal fin, passing beneath pectoral fin onto abdomen; head and body anterior to bar greyish green, posterior to bar black; posterior caudal peduncle and caudal fin yellow, often with 1 or 2 small black spots centrally near base: small females with body posterior to a curving demarcation between origins of dorsal and anal fins blackish with a narrow dark greenish bar on each scale, grading to yellow with blue-green spots posteriorly on caudal peduncle and fin; large females dark green posterior to oblique demarcation on body, the scales rimmed in black, with a vertical green line or spot on each scale; head and anterior body light green dorsally, pale blue-green ventrally, have irregular bands on snout and above eye, and a large complex marking behind eye; body of males posterior to demarcation dark green, each scale with narrow pale blue-green and black posterior margin; head green dorsally with irregular green to blue-green bands, including a blue ring around eye; cheek and operculum pinkish white with irregular light blue lines and spots, except for a large yellowish green blotch centrally on cheek without markings; lips and ventral part of head mainly pale blue; chest and abdomen pinkish white with a light blue spot or arc on scales (Ref. 93095).
唇隨著年齡變厚。 (參考文獻 1623) 顏色大幅改變隨著年齡與性別.(參考文獻 48636) 稚魚與亞成魚前面地幾乎白色與突然深綠色與黑色的在後部地; 在大約 8 公分下面的那些有一個慢慢地隨著成長褪色的鮮黃色的尾部。 (參考文獻 1602) 色彩鮮豔的粉紅色與藍色的臉斑紋用成長環繞稚魚的眼睛四周傳佈幾乎覆蓋大的成魚的整個頭。 (參考文獻 1602)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in subtidal reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles occur inshore, found among branching corals while adults found in areas of mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710). Large adults in deeper water (Ref. 48636). Maximum length beyond 45 cm TL is unlikely, with largest measured individual at 37 cm TL (Ref, Feeds mainly on small invertebrates, especially crustaceans, polychaete worms, mollusks and brittle stars (Ref. 9823). Diet changing from primarily demersal planktonic crustaceans to hard-shelled invertebrates with growth (Ref. 37816).

發現於亞潮間帶的礁石平臺與潟湖與臨海礁石了。 稚魚出現沿海地區, 發現於樹枝狀珊瑚中了雖然成魚發現於混合沙子,碎石與珊瑚的區域。 (參考文獻 9710) 大的成魚在較深的水域中。 (參考文獻 48636) 主要吃小型無脊椎動物, 尤其甲殼動物, 多毛類的蠕蟲,軟體動物與海星.(參考文獻 9823) 從主要底棲浮游性甲殼動物到具有硬殼的無脊椎動物隨著成長改變食性。 (參考文獻 37816)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到密克羅尼西亞,美屬薩摩亞 (參考文獻 2334) 與玻利尼西亞.(參考文獻 9823)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 2013. Review of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Hemigymnus. J. Ocean Sci. Foundation 6:2-18. (Ref. 93095)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 July 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

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養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Otoliths
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1006 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00696 - 0.02076), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.