分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 関連する礁; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 1 - 60 m (Ref. 89972). Tropical; 30°N - 20°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (extending to Mossel Bay, South Africa, Ref. 5372) to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 13.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4859)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 12 - 13; 背鰭 (合計): 22-25; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 19 - 21.
May be seen in a variety of habitats ranging from rich coral reefs (Ref. 58652) to weedy and rubble covered areas (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Maybe found singly, in pairs, and in aggregations that roam over large distances in search of food. Feed mainly by tearing pieces from polychaetes, sea anemones, coral polyps, and algae (Ref. 1602). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.5 - 29, mean 28 (based on 922 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.01624 - 0.03886), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 0.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K>1).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .