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Scarus psittacus Forsskål, 1775

Common parrotfish
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) 鸚哥魚科 (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 2 - 25 m (Ref. 58302).   热带; 36°N - 35°S, 30°E - 123°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa (Ref. 5490) and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Shark Bay, Western Australia and Lord Howe Island.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的索德瓦讷湾 (参考文献 5490) 而且东至夏威夷,马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至鲨鱼湾,西澳大利亚与罗得豪岛。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - 14.8 cm
Max length : 34.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 107958); 最大体重: 904.00 g (Ref. 107958); 最大年龄: 5 年 (Ref. 13619)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 10; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: median predorsal scales 4; 2 scale rows on cheek, 1(5-7), 2(4-7); pectoral-fin rays 13-15 (usually 14); female usually 1 conical tooth on side of upper dental plate, terminal male with single tooth on side of lower dental plate, lips largely covering dental plates; caudal fin slightly emarginate in small female to deeply emarginate in large TP male. Colour of male green to pale brownish with salmon pink or bluish scale margins, a lavender-grey snout, bluish to lavender caudal fin and the nuptial male with a brilliant yellow body; female overall reddish brown to grey, usually pale snout (Ref. 90102).
最初的阶段非常近似 S. globiceps S. rivulatus 。 可能是不同在腹的侧边上根据鳞片列与鳞片的数字。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to at least 25 m depth (Ref. 1602). Found over corals (Ref. 5213, 58652). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Initial-phase fish stage usually form small feeding schools (Ref. 2334). Graze on benthic algae (Ref. 3488). Secrete a mucus cocoon (Ref. 1602).

栖息于礁石平台与泻湖与临海礁石到至少 25 公尺深。 (参考文献 1602) 发现在珊瑚上了。 (参考文献 5213) 起始阶段的鱼阶段通常形成小的觅食群集。 (参考文献 2334) 啃食水底的藻类。 (参考文献 3488) 它分泌一个黏液囊袋。 (参考文献 1602)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的索德瓦讷湾 (参考文献 5490) 而且东至夏威夷,马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至鲨鱼湾,西澳大利亚与罗得豪岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 28.1 (based on 2928 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.01302 - 0.01929), b=3.05 (3.01 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.35; tmax=5).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.