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Amazonsprattus scintilla Roberts, 1984

Rio Negro pygmy anchovy
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Image of Amazonsprattus scintilla (Rio Negro pygmy anchovy)
Amazonsprattus scintilla
Picture by Gama, C.S.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Amazonsprattus: Composed from river Amazon + old English sprot, a small sea fish; 1597 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Roberts.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce pélagique.   Tropical; 0°S - 3°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: endemic to the Amazon system (Rio Jufari between Castanheiro Grande and Santa Fé, also Rio Negro at Santa Isabel).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 189)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 12 - 14. Mouth small, pre-maxillae absent or minute and toothless; maxilla very short, just reaching to front border of eye, with two supra-maxillae; articulation of lower jaw under hind border of pupil or just behind. Dorsal fin origin well behind midpoint of body; anal fin origin under first quarter of dorsal fin base. In life translucent or even transparent.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

A riverine species collected some distance up a low-gradient swampy tributary of the Rio Negro (the Rio Jufari), Brazil and in the main river, in both cases the water generally darkly tinted, acid (pH 4-5) and low in dissolved ions. Feeds on dipteran larvae and pupae; also cladocerans. Males mature at 1.43-1.62 cm SL; females at 1.59-1.82 cm. Ovarian eggs are creamy or pale orange. A female of 1.73 cm had 20 eggs in the single ovary in January.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

A female of 1.73 cm has 20 eggs in the single ovary in January.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: sans intérêt
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
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Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
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Noms communs
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Métabolisme
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Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
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Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
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Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
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Références
Aquaculture
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00244 - 0.01130), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .