Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Clariidae
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: endemic to Pulau Tioman, Malaysia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 61 - 70;
Vertebrae: 67 - 71. Possess the following unique combination of character states: body slender, body depth at anus 9.0-11.4% in SL; distance of occipital process to dorsal fin origin 9.9-11.8% in SL; dorsal and anal fins separate from caudal fin.
Found in freshwater sections of torrent streams, in clear, cool, fast flowing water over a substrate of sand, rocks and large granite boulders. Largely carnivorous, subsisting on small fish, crustaceans and insects. Seems to be nocturnal, emerging into the open at night. Also Ref. 84801.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ng, H.H., 2001. Clarias microstomus, a new species of clariid catfish from Eastern Borneo (Teleostei: Siluriformes). Zool. Stud. 40(2):158-162. (Ref. 39637)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00340 - 0.01694), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .