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Synodontis batensoda Rüppell, 1832

Upsidedown catfish
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Synodontis batensoda
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 12468); 35°N - 4°N

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: Nile (Ref. 7362), Senegal, Gambia, upper Volta (Ref. 57223), Ogun (Ref. 31256), Osse, Niger (including the Bénoué) and Chad basins (Ref. 57223).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 20.5 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 57223); publicerad maxvikt: 1.5 kg (Ref. 3799)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 1; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0. Diagnosis: gill slits extending downwards beyond pectoral-fin insertions, but remaining separate by an interval greater than eye diameter; maxillary barbels not longer than head, without tubercles or ramifications, but with a broad black membrane almost extending over their entire length; mandibular barbels without membrane; ramifications of outer mandibular barbels few and simple, those of inner mandibular barbels more numerous and subdivided; mandibular teeth slender and short, numbering 30-57; pectoral-fin spines more strongly denticulate on inner than on outer margin; anterior margin of dorsal-fin spine smooth, except for some apical serrations; humeral process rather deep, granulose and weakly keeled ventrally; adipose fin high and almost contiguous to rayed dorsal fin (proportionately less high in young individuals)(Ref. 57223). Coloration: typically an inverted colour pattern, the back being light grey and the belly black; pelvics, anal and caudal fins always covered with transversely aligned spots; other spots also tend to form transverse series, but these are not as well-defined; maxillary barbels bordered by a broad, black membrane (Ref. 57223).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Omnivore, feeds on plankton, algae and detritus (Ref. 13868). May also feed on surface insects, chironomid larvae, benthic crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 28714). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum size reported as 50.0cm total length in Ref. 3799, but only 26.5cm total length in Ref. 57223.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4537)





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Offentliga akvarier | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00615 - 0.03096), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.