Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 0 - 132 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical; 32°N - 32°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Rapa and Easter Island, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to Panama, including offshore islands (Ref. 9301). First record in the Mediterranean was reported (Ref. 36327), and from several countries as of late year 2010. Often misidentified as Fistularia petimba, a reddish or brownish-orange deep-water species with bony plates along dorsal midline.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 160 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9301); common length : 100.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9301)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 14-17; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 14 - 16; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 83 - 86. Vertically flattened rather than laterally compressed body. Long whiplike tail filament. Color is green dorsally, grading to silvery white ventrally, with two blue stripes or rows of blue spots on the back. Dorsal and anal fin orange becoming transparent at base. Caudal filament white. Broadly banded at night (Ref. 48635). First four vertebrae fused (Ref. 9826). Branchiostegal rays: 5 (Ref. 36710).
Adults inhabit reef habitats to a depth of at least 128 m, except in heavy surge areas. Also found in sandy bottoms adjacent to reef areas (Ref. 36710), either solitary or in schools (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on small fishes, crustaceans (squids and shrimps) (Ref. 36327, 36710) and squids (Ref. 37816). Probably marketed fresh, salted or dried or smoked but more often reduced to fish meal (Ref. 9301).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Komersial
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanMass conversion
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22 - 28.9, mean 27.5 (based on 1674 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00195 - 0.00615), b=2.91 (2.75 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .