Arothron hispidus, White-spotted puffer : fisheries, aquarium

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Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758)

White-spotted puffer
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Arothron hispidus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Arothron hispidus (White-spotted puffer)
Arothron hispidus
Picture by Kochzius, M.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 1 - 50 m (Ref. 90102).   热带; 25°C - ?; 36°N - 36°S, 24°E - 77°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific : Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4919) to Panama, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Eastern Pacific: Baja California and the Gulf of California to Panama (Ref. 9349, 11482).
印度-太平洋 : 红海与东非 (参考文献 4919) 到巴拿马, 北至日本南部与夏威夷群岛, 南至罗得豪岛与拉帕群岛。 东太平洋: 下加利福尼亚与加州湾到巴拿马.(参考文献 9349,11482)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30874); 最大体重: 2.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 10-11; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 11. This species is characterized by the following: The body is generally greenish-brown in color, the back, sides and caudal fin profusely speckled with white spots, and the belly marked with white bars. A single bent lateral line. Body with small spines except around snout and caudal peduncle. Each nostril with two fleshy solid tentacles. Restricted gill opening.
身体通常绿褐色颜色,背部, 侧边与尾鳍很多地有白色的斑点的斑点了,而且腹面有显着的白色横带了。 一条弯曲的侧线。 身体有小的棘除了吻与尾柄的周围之外。 每个鼻孔有两个肉质的坚硬触须。 限制了鳃裂。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit outer reef slopes to depths of at least 50 m, inner reef flats and lagoons. Juveniles common in weedy areas of estuaries (Ref. 4919). Also found in coastal bays and estuaries, usually near rocky reef or on sand-stretches between reefs with low algae-rubble reef to about 20 meters depth, or in shallow with sparse seagrass growth (Ref. 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Usually solitary and territorial on sandy to rubble areas. Feed on fleshy, calcareous, or coralline algae, detritus, mollusks, tunicates, sponges, corals, zoanthid anemones, crabs, tube worms and echinoderms (Ref. 1602).

栖息于外礁斜坡到深度至少 50个公尺,礁石平台内侧与舄湖。 稚鱼常见于河口的杂草丛生区域。 (参考文献 4919) 也发现于近岸海湾与河口,通常近的岩石礁或在沙子上-在礁之间伸展和低的藻类-碎石礁到大约 20 公尺深度, 否则在浅滩中有稀疏的海草成长.(参考文献 48637) 通常独居性与具有领域性在砂质到碎石区域上。 吃肉质的﹐石灰质的, 否则珊瑚的藻类,碎屑,软件动物,被囊类,海绵,珊瑚, zoanthid 卷曲异辐海葵,螃蟹,管虫与棘皮动物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋 : 红海与东非 (参考文献 4919) 到巴拿马, 北至日本南部与夏威夷群岛, 南至罗得豪岛与拉帕群岛。 东太平洋: 下加利福尼亚与加州湾到巴拿马.(参考文献 9349,11482)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Matsuura, Keiichi | 合作者

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 June 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
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遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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声音
神经毒
速度
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鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 29, mean 27.7 (based on 1504 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03890 (0.02400 - 0.06306), b=2.83 (2.70 - 2.96), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.