Myripristis murdjan, Pinecone soldierfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål, 1775)

Pinecone soldierfish
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Myripristis murdjan   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myripristis murdjan (Pinecone soldierfish)
Myripristis murdjan
Picture by Moldzio, S.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) 金眼鯛目 (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Myripristis: Greek, myros, -ou = male of morey eel + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 30°N - 35°S

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (including the Gulf of Oman) and East Africa to Oceania.
印度-太平洋: 紅海 (包括阿曼灣) 而且東非到大洋洲。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 17.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 240); common length : 18.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 13-15; 臀棘 4; 臀鳍软条: 11 - 14. This species is distinguished by the following characters: robust and compressed body with big eyes; lower jaw with one pair of tooth patches at front of lower jaw just outside of gape; lower jaw of adults slightly projecting when mouth closed; gill rakers on first gill arch 11-15 (modally 13) on upper limb, total 36-44 (modally 39); lateral line scales 27-32 (modally 29); lower half to ¾ of axil of pectoral fins with small scales; interorbital space broad, its width 3.65- 4.4 times in head length. Colour of body red to dusky red, the edges of scales reddish brown; opercular membrane dark brown to black to about level of middle of eye; axil of pectoral fins dark brown to black; spinous dorsal fin light red on basal two-thirds, bright red on outer third; leading edges of soft dorsal, anal, caudal, and pelvic fins white (Ref. 12419, 40493).
体色银粉红色; 鳞片红色的边缘; 鳃盖边缘黑色; 所有的鳍红色; 在每个尾鳍叶中的靠近边缘的条纹; 中央的鳍白色的前缘。 内部的胸叶腋有很多的小鳞片。 藉由持有突出的白色前缘在它的软背鳍、臀鳍, 与尾部鳍有别于 M. amaena 与从 M. berndti 藉由有一个深的红色刺状的背鳍.(参考文献 1602)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occur in reef flats and shallow lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 12419). Benthopelagic in or near crevices and caves (Ref. 58302). Mainly nocturnal. Feed mainly on plankton such as crab larvae (Ref. 12419). Secretive, hovering under ledges and in caves (Ref. 37816). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 240).

出现在礁石平台与泻湖浅滩与临海礁石。 主要夜行。 主要捕食浮游生物例如螃蟹幼虫。 (参考文献 12419) 躲躲藏藏的, 盘旋岩架下与在洞穴中.(参考文献 37816) 卵生的, 卵与仔鱼为浮游性.(参考文献 240)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 240).印度-太平洋: 紅海 (包括阿曼灣) 而且東非到大洋洲。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield, 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (25):61 p. (Ref. 12419)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
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形态测量图
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仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
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参考文献
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眼睛色素

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1080 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01011 - 0.02854), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.