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Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier, 1829)

Bluefin gurnard
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Chelidonichthys kumu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Chelidonichthys kumu
Picture by Dijkstra, K.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae (Searobins) > Triglinae
Etymology: Chelidonichthys: Greek, chelidon, -onos = swift, as black as a swift + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 1 - 200 m (Ref. 4316), usually 75 - 150 m (Ref. 33616).   亞熱帶的; 34°N - 43°S, 15°E - 154°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Delagoa Bay, Mozambique to the Cape, South Africa; common in Australia and New Zealand and reported from Japan and Korea. Also reported from Hong Kong (Ref. 12086).
印度-西太平洋: 莫三比克的 Delagoa 灣到南非開普省; 常見於澳洲與紐西蘭而且記錄自日本與韓國。 也記錄自香港。 (參考文獻 12086)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 23.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4316); common length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9258); 最大体重: 1.5 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大年龄: 15 年 (Ref. 9072)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9 - 10; 背的软条 (总数): 15-16; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 16; 脊椎骨: 33 - 35. Olive or brownish in color, becomes red when stressed; lower half of the inner part of pectoral fin with large black blotch surrounded by numerous pale spots (Ref. 9771).
橄榄色或褐色的颜色, 变成红色的当受惊时; 内侧的下半部胸鳍有被很多的灰白斑点包围的大黑色斑块.(参考文献 9771)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found from estuaries to edge of continental shelves over sand and sandy shell seabed (Ref. 9258). Reported to be often found in rivers (Ref. 4316). Juveniles may occur in bays (Ref. 33616). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Dorsal spine reported to be venomous (Ref. 9771). Neither anterolateral glandular grooves nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Current information in the table (dangerous fish) do not match; needs verification. Excellent food fish (Ref. 9771). Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

从在沙子与贝壳沙海底上的河口到大陆棚边缘发现了。 (参考文献 9258) 报告时常被发现于河.(参考文献 4316) 稚鱼可能出现在海湾。 (参考文献 33616) 报告的背棘是有毒的.(参考文献 9771) 既不是前外侧的腺凹槽也不是毒液腺存在.(参考文献 57406) 在表格 (危险的鱼) 的目前的讯息不相配; 需要确认。 优良的食用鱼.(参考文献 9771) 生鲜使用与冷冻; 吃油锅炸的, 火烤了, 微波了而且烧烤了.(参考文献 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 莫三比克的 Delagoa 灣到南非開普省; 常見於澳洲與紐西蘭而且記錄自日本與韓國。 也記錄自香港。 (參考文獻 12086)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Triglidae. p. 486-488. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4316)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 9771)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 25, mean 19.3 (based on 186 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00369 - 0.01635), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.4-0.6; tm=2-3; tmax=15;).
Prior r = 0.36, 95% CL = 0.24 - 0.56, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.