Potamotrygon orbignyi, Smooth back river stingray

You can sponsor this page

Potamotrygon orbignyi (Castelnau, 1855)

Smooth back river stingray
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Potamotrygon orbignyi (Smooth back river stingray)
Potamotrygon orbignyi
Picture by Landines, M.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Potamotrygonidae (River stingrays)
Etymology: Potamotrygon: Greek, potamos = river + Greek, trygon = a sting ray (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Castelnau.

Issue
A widespread species that may require subdivision. Rosa (1985a) recognizes Potamotrygon dumerilli (Castelnau 1855) and Potamotrygon humerosus Garman 1913 as distinct species, but evidence given is meager. Larger specimens may weigh close to five kg. Reproductive biology studied by Lasso et al. (1997a) in Venezuela; males achieve sexual maturity at 23 cm DL and females at 18.5 cm DL, and females give birth to up to two pups during any time of year. Food consists of fishes, insects and crustaceans. Additional references: Bertin (1939), Sérét & McEachran (1986), Compagno & Cook (1995), Planquette et al. (1996).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce benthopelagico; pH range: 6.8 - 7.5.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

South America: Widespread in Amazon and Orinoco River basins and in river systems in Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm WD maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 27749); 32.5 cm WD (female); peso massimo pubblicato: 1.4 kg (Ref. 27749); peso massimo pubblicato: 1.4 kg

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Occurs in stream swamps, floodplain lakes and artificial lagoons. Feeds mainly on insects and benthic crustaceans (Ref. 27749).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Carvalho, Marcelo | Collaboratori

Lasso, C.A., A. Rial B. and O. Lasso-Alcalá., 1997. Notes on the biology of the freshwater stingrays Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841) and Potamotrygon orbignyi (Castelnau, 1855) (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae) in the Venezuelan Llanos. Aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 2(3):39-52. (Ref. 27749)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 June 2003

CITES (Ref. 118484)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

Download XML

Fonti Internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Molto basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione più di 14 anni (Assuming Fec <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (89 of 100) .