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Schedophilus maculatus Günther, 1860

Pelagic butterfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Schedophilus maculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Schedophilus maculatus (Pelagic butterfish)
Schedophilus maculatus
Picture by FAO

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Centrolophidae (Medusafishes) 長鯧魚 (Medusafishes)
Etymology: Schedophilus: Name from Greek words 'phylos' (?????), t) meaning 'one who likes' and "s 'shedia' (??????) which means raft; literally means 'the one who likes rafts'. This probably refers to the lifestyle ot the juveniles of this genus (Michail Ragousis, mar10091@marine.aegean.gr, pers. Comm. 01/16) which are epipelagic and associate with floating jellyfish..  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 300 - 1110 m (Ref. 44037), usually 300 - 700 m (Ref. 54802).   溫帶

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: in widespread localities including southern Africa.
南極海: 在廣泛分佈地點包括非洲南部中。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4410)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8 - 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 27-29; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 23 - 25. Juveniles with vertical bands or dark blotches extending onto median fins; pectoral fins dusky, pelvic fins black (Ref. 4410).
稚魚有延伸到中央的鰭的垂直的條紋或黑色斑塊; 胸鰭暗色的, 腹鰭黑色.(參考文獻 4410)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are pelagic in oceanic waters. Juveniles found beneath jellyfish (Ref. 9563), in epipelagic waters (Ref. 54802). Rare species with no commercial value (Ref. 54802).

成魚是大洋性的,在大洋性水域中。 稚魚在水母之下發現。 (參考文獻 9563) 稀有的種。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

南極海: 在廣泛分佈地點包括非洲南部中。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Haedrich, R.L., 1986. Stromateidae. p. 842-846. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4410)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

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長度-重量
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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.1 - 12, mean 7.6 (based on 639 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00631 - 0.03633), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .