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Scarus prasiognathos Valenciennes, 1840

Singapore parrotfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scarus prasiognathos   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scarus prasiognathos (Singapore parrotfish)
Scarus prasiognathos
Female picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 1 - 25 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 30°N - 13°S

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to New Ireland in Papua New Guinea, including Cocos-Keeling Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and south to the Philippines, including Palau. This species is the terminal male of Scarus singaporensis. Possibly replaced by Scarus falcipinnis in the western Indian Ocean (Ref. 2689).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9710)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 10; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 9. Scales large. Median predorsal scales 6; 3 scale rows on cheek, with 1-3 scales in ventral row. Caudal fins emarginate in initial phase to deeply concave in large terminal phase. Lips nearly covering dental plates; terminal males with 0-2 canines posteriorly on side of upper plate, none on lower. The initial phase closely resembles that of S. altipinnis (Ref. 1602). The terminal phase has the distinctive brilliant green throat and lacks the filamentous middle dorsal spine (Ref. 1602).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found in seaward slopes and reef flats (Ref. 90102). Usually associated with outer reefs but will enter shallow water in protected areas. Often in large schools (Ref. 9710). Grazes on benthic algae (Ref. 3488). Also caught with nets and other types of artisanal gear (Ref. 2689). Minimum depth of 1 m reported from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Westneat, Mark | 協力者

Randall, J.E. and J.H. Choat, 1980. Two new parrotfishes of the genus Scarus from the Central and South Pacific, with further examples of sexual dichromatism. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 70:383-419. (Ref. 2689)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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共通名の
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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.1 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 2454 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00459 - 0.02870), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   High.