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Carlarius parkii (Günther, 1864)

Guinean sea catfish
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Carlarius parkii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Carlarius parkii (Guinean sea catfish)
Carlarius parkii
Picture by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Carlarius: First part of the generic name honors Dr. Carl Ferraris, Research Associate at the California Academy of Sciences for his contribution to the knowledge of Siluriformes fishes and continuous support and encouragement throughout the development of this work; the second part is from the frequently used generic name Arius..  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 50 - 80 m (Ref. 6541).   熱帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: commonly caught in coastal sea-waters from Cap Blanc (Mauritania) to Angola (Ref. 57224). Sporadically to Spanish Sahara and Morocco; enters estuaries and freshwater of rivers (Ref. 3876).
東大西洋: 茅利塔尼亞的 Blanc 岬到安哥拉; 偶而對西班牙的撒哈拉與摩洛哥。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 57224); common length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2683)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 2; 背的软条 (总数): 7; 臀棘 0. Diagnosis: body elongated and rounded; head broad and only slightly flattened above; snout rounded; mouth inferior; maxillary barbels reaching to pectoral fin bases, mandibular ones being shorter: osseous head shield, coarsely rugose, fairly visible through the skin (Ref. 57224). Occipital process moderately broad at base, tapering towards its distal end, with a median keel (Ref. 2683, 57224). Predorsal plate very rugose, short and crescent-shaped; premaxillary teeth villiform forming a plate slightly curved (Ref. 57224). Palatal teeth in single pair of rounded patches, well separated by a space smaller than their diameter (Ref. 57224, 81640). No gill-rakers on the posterior face of the 1st and 2nd arches (Ref. 57224). Total number of anterior gill-rakers on 1st arch: 11-14 (Ref. 57224, 81640). 11-15 gill rakers on the outer side of the entire 2nd arch (Ref. 81640). Dorsal fin short with a long, osseous serrated spine preceded by a very short one; dorsal and pectoral fins with a strong serrated, erectile spine; adipose fin well developed; caudal fin forked with long pointed lobes (Ref. 57224). Coloration: olive brown above, belly whitish (Ref. 57224).
广阔地和中央的龙骨脊的后头骨上方突起的基底。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Marine species commonly found along the continental coast; often entering adjacent estuaries and freshwater rivers (Ref. 3876). Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587). Males practise buccal incubation (Ref. 57224). Dorsal and pectoral serrated spines are venomous and can cause very painful wounds (Ref. 43448).

海洋的种通常发现沿着大陆沿岸; 时常进入毗连的河口与淡水水域河。 (参考文献 3876) 捕食鱼类与虾.(参考文献 28587) 背部与胸的锯齿状的棘是有毒的而且能引起非常令人痛苦的创伤。 (参考文献 43448)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 茅利塔尼亞的 Blanc 岬到安哥拉; 偶而對西班牙的撒哈拉與摩洛哥。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | 合作者

Schneider, W., 1990. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的 (Ref. 58010)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
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参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
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泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.7 - 20.4, mean 19.3 (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00422 - 0.01973), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.17).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.