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Carlarius parkii (Günther, 1864)

Guinean sea catfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Carlarius parkii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Carlarius parkii (Guinean sea catfish)
Carlarius parkii
Picture by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)

Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ακτινοπτερύγιοι > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Carlarius: First part of the generic name honors Dr. Carl Ferraris, Research Associate at the California Academy of Sciences for his contribution to the knowledge of Siluriformes fishes and continuous support and encouragement throughout the development of this work; the second part is from the frequently used generic name Arius..  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά); Γλυκού νερού; Υφάλμυρο βενθικό(ς); εύρος βάθους 50 - 80 m (Ref. 6541).   Tropical

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: commonly caught in coastal sea-waters from Cap Blanc (Mauritania) to Angola (Ref. 57224). Sporadically to Spanish Sahara and Morocco; enters estuaries and freshwater of rivers (Ref. 3876).

Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 57224); common length : 40.0 cm TL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 2683)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 2; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 7; Εδρικές άκανθες 0. Diagnosis: body elongated and rounded; head broad and only slightly flattened above; snout rounded; mouth inferior; maxillary barbels reaching to pectoral fin bases, mandibular ones being shorter: osseous head shield, coarsely rugose, fairly visible through the skin (Ref. 57224). Occipital process moderately broad at base, tapering towards its distal end, with a median keel (Ref. 2683, 57224). Predorsal plate very rugose, short and crescent-shaped; premaxillary teeth villiform forming a plate slightly curved (Ref. 57224). Palatal teeth in single pair of rounded patches, well separated by a space smaller than their diameter (Ref. 57224, 81640). No gill-rakers on the posterior face of the 1st and 2nd arches (Ref. 57224). Total number of anterior gill-rakers on 1st arch: 11-14 (Ref. 57224, 81640). 11-15 gill rakers on the outer side of the entire 2nd arch (Ref. 81640). Dorsal fin short with a long, osseous serrated spine preceded by a very short one; dorsal and pectoral fins with a strong serrated, erectile spine; adipose fin well developed; caudal fin forked with long pointed lobes (Ref. 57224). Coloration: olive brown above, belly whitish (Ref. 57224).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Marine species commonly found along the continental coast; often entering adjacent estuaries and freshwater rivers (Ref. 3876). Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587). Males practise buccal incubation (Ref. 57224). Dorsal and pectoral serrated spines are venomous and can cause very painful wounds (Ref. 43448).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | Συνεργάτες

Schneider, W., 1990. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 58010)





Human uses

αλιεία: Εμπορικό(ά)
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Διαδικτυακές πηγές

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.7 - 20.4, mean 19.3 (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00422 - 0.01973), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 69278):  Μεσαίο(α), ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού 1,4 - 4,4 έτη (K=0.17).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.