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Entosphenus macrostomus (Beamish, 1982)

Vancouver lamprey
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Image of Entosphenus macrostomus (Vancouver lamprey)
Entosphenus macrostomus
Picture by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Cephalaspidomorphi 头甲鱼纲 (八目鳗) (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes (Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae (Northern lampreys) > Lampetrinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的; 非迁移的.   溫帶; 48°N - 47°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Occurrence in USA needs confirmation (Ref. 2583).
北美洲: 溫哥華島南部,卑詩省。 在美國的發生需要證實。 (參考文獻 2583)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.3 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 89241); 最大体重: 19.80 g (Ref. 89241); 最大年龄: 2 年 (Ref. 89241)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Adults: 11.8-27.3 cm TL; body wet weigth of a 22.1 cm TL individual, 19.8 g; body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on 112 specimens measuring 11.8-27.3 cm TL): prebranchial length, 14.3-17.6; branchial length, 9.4-12.6; trunk length, 37.5-48.2; tail length, 20.9-31.7; eye length, 2.2-3.5; disc length, 6.5-11.7; trunk myomeres, 59-70. Adult dentition: marginals, 54-67; supraoral lamina, 3, rarely 4 unicuspid teeth, the median one smaller than the lateral ones; infraoral lamina, 5-6 unicuspid teeth; 4 endolaterals on each side; endolateral formula, typically 2-3-3-2; 2 rows of anterials; first row of anterials, 3 unicuspid teeth; exolaterals absent; 1 row of posterials, 14-21 teeth, 2-3 lateralmost on each side bicuspid and the internal ones unicuspid; transverse lingual lamina, 13-20 unicuspid teeth, the median one slightly enlarged; longitudinal lingual laminae parentheses-shaped and each with 17-27 unicuspid teeth. Velar tentacles in adults, 11-15 with wings. Adult body coloration (preserved), uniformly dark, almost black; lateral line neuromasts darkly pigmented; extent of caudal fin pigmentation, 75% or more; caudal fin shape, spade-like; oral fimbriae, 117; oral papillae, 17.

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Spawns on shallow gravel bars in freshwater lakes or the mouths of creeks flowing into lakes. Ammocoetes larvae occur in silt, mud, or sand in quiet water (Ref. 5723). Ammocoetes are found in inlet streams within 100 m of two lakes in Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Ammocoetes and recently metamorphosed individuals are mostly found along the edges of lakes. Adult life span believed to be at least 2 years. Adults parasitic on fishes (Oncorhynchus clarkia and O. kisutch) in freshwater lakes throughout the year. Wounds produced known to penetrate deeply into the musculature or even reach the body cavity of hosts. Up to three adults have been recorded attached to a host. Adults are known experimentally to be able to survive in salt water, but apparently remain in fresh water despite the absence of barriers preventing access to the sea. Adults in spawning readiness collected from shallow gravel bars between 1 June and 23 August. Between 50 and 80% of fishes, mostly salmonids, in Lake Cowichan and Mesachie Lake show evidence of attacks from this lamprey, and based on the severity of the wounds inflicted, an estimated 15% of these attacks would probably result in the death of the host (Ref. 89241).

产卵于淡水湖中的浅砾石滩或流入湖的小溪溪口。 幼八目鳗在静止的水域中出现在淤泥,泥或沙子。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

北美洲: 溫哥華島南部,卑詩省。 在美國的發生需要證實。 (參考文獻 2583)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  濒危 (EN) (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 22 July 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
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网络资源

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00120 (0.00052 - 0.00280), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=tm=2).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .