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Misgurnus fossilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Weatherfish
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Native range
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Misgurnus fossilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Misgurnus fossilis (Weatherfish)
Misgurnus fossilis
Picture by Tveskov, E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater; brakwater demersaal; potamodroom (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 4°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 62°N - 42°N, 15°E - 61°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: In Europe, north of the Alps, from Meuse eastward to Neva drainages and Lake Ladoga; northern Black Sea basin from Danube eastward to Kuban, absent on the southern section; Caspian basin in Volga and Ural drainages. Not native to Great Britain, Scandinavia, Apennine and Iberian peninsulas, Crimea, and Adriatic, Aegean and White Sea basins. Locally introduced in Rhône drainage (France) and perhaps elsewhere (Ref. 59043). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 1441).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 556); 30.7 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 556)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 3; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 5-6; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 11; Wervels: 49 - 50. Broad midlateral stripe from eye to caudal base and narrow stripe from opercle at least to pelvic origin. Lamina circularis absent in males (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 14-16 rays (Ref. 40476).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found in lower reaches of slow-flowing rivers, but can also be found in still pools (Ref. 9696), on sandy bottoms of ponds, pools and ditches. Adults are nocturnal which burrow into mud during dry periods and strong frosts. Usually, burrows are 20-30 cm deep, occasionally down to 70 cm during dry periods (Ref. 59043). During the day, they stay buried in the sand. Feed on insect larvae and small mollusks. Seldom captured with hook and line (Ref. 30578). Are sensitive to pollutants which accumulate in the sediment (Ref. 11941). Facultative air-breathers (Ref. 27368). A female specimen measuring 30.7 cm TL was recorded from Netherlands (Ref. 114650).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Male follows female into dense vegetation and forms a complete ring around her body, behind dorsal fin (Ref. 59043).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00240 - 0.00872), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (tm=2; Fec=100,000-150,000).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .