Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Gymnelinae
Etymology: Gymnelus: Gymnelus, derived from Greek, gymn?los (Latinized Greek) = poor, needy (akin to Greek gymnos for destitute (E. Spencer, pers.comm. 09/13)..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 9 - 175 m (Ref. 36338). Polar
Arctic: Kara Sea east to Canada and in the Bering and Okhotsk seas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11954)
Inhabits continental shelves (Ref. 11954). Minimum depth from type locality data (Ref. 51665). Benthic (Ref. 58426).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.6 - 2.7, mean -0.8 (based on 1877 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00145 - 0.00912), b=3.15 (2.93 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax=3-10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .