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Zungaro zungaro (Humboldt, 1821)

Gilded catfish
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Zungaro zungaro
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes)
Etymology: Zungaro: Native name Zungaro, applied to many large Pimelodids (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bottenlevande; pH range: 6.5 - 7.2; dH range: ? - 18; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 20°C - 24°C (Ref. 2060)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 36506)

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Specimens measuring 130 cm and weighing 50 kg are not rare. In the Amazon, this fish is found quite upstream, in the main bed of the big tributaries with muddy bottom (Ref. 35381). Mainly piscivorous, hunts at night, sometimes going into flood prone areas of rivers. Some migrations in pursuit of migrating Triportheus and Anodus have been reported. Sexually mature upon reaching 10 kg weight. The nursery ground is at the river mouths (Ref. 35381).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Silfvergrip, A.M.C., 1992. Zungaro, a senior synonym of Paulicea (Teleostei: Pimelodidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 3(4):305-310. (Ref. 26389)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00644 - 0.02046), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.