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Pterophyllum scalare (Schultze, 1823)

Freshwater angelfish
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Pterophyllum scalare
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Pterophyllum: Greek, pteron, = fin, sail + Greek, phyllon = leaf; apparently in reference to the tall wide and triangular dorsal fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 13.   Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 40602); 6°N - 10°S, 78°W - 51°W

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin, in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil, along the Ucayali, Solimões and Amazon rivers; rivers of Amapá (Brazil), Rio Oyapock in French Guiana; Essequibo River in Guyana.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 36377)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

Body compressed and disc-shaped; dorsal and anal spiny rays increasing in length from anterior to posterior part of the fin; first branched rays also very long; body height at anal fin level 1.07 to 1.29 times in SL; body color silvery with dark vertical bars (7 in juveniles, 4 in adults) (Ref. 35237).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Inhabit swamps or flooded grounds where the aquatic and riverine vegetation are dense and the water is either clear or silty. Its color is deeper in clear water (Ref. 35237). One of the most popular of all the tropical aquarium fish. Maximum length 15 cm TL (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; keep pairs in small tanks for breeding; minimum aquarium size 100 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Males court females during the breeding season. Both male and female guard the eggs which are attached to the surface of aquatic vegetation in a nest area (Ref. 46591). During the entire brooding cycle, bonding of the original pair of parents is maintained complete with defence of each partner against aggression or potential rivals (Ref. 46591).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Kullander, Sven O. | 協力者

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水族館・水槽: 高い商業の
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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共通名の
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代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

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Age/Size
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Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
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補充
豊度
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
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Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
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カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03890 (0.02059 - 0.07351), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm<1).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .