Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Guianacara: Composed from Guyana + Tupí, guaraní, acará = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Kullander & Nijssen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Marowijne, Suriname, Saramacca, and Coppename River basins in Suriname and the Marowijne River basin in French Guiana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26372)
Inhabits rivers (Ref. 12251). Abundant, occurs in the zones of cascades along with Krobia itanyi, Corydoras guianensis, Characidium fasciadorsale and Cyphocharax spilurus, in quiet, shallow and sunny waters. Sympatric with G. oelemariensis in the Oelemari River, Suriname (Ref. 26372). Feeds on small invertebrates. Breeding may occur 3 to 4 times per year. Spawning takes place in anfractuosities of rocks so that guarding is easier for females which are generally smaller than males. Males defend the nest. Parental care in terms of food supply and protection lasts for 1 to 3 months (Ref. 35237).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01179 - 0.04060), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .