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Stiphodon atratus Watson, 1996

Black stiphodon
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Image of Stiphodon atratus (Black stiphodon)
Stiphodon atratus
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater demersaal; amfidroom; diepteverspreiding ? - 5 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Asia and Oceania: occurs in Indonesia, on the northern coast of New Guinea, Admiralty Islands, Halmahera Island, Bismark Archipelago, Bougainville, Vanuatu and New Caledonia (Ref. 87781).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 26040); 4.2 cm SL (female)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Second dorsal fin with 9 segmented rays; usually 15 pectoral fin rays; lateral scales extend dorsal to pectoral base, usually 33-36; belly scaled close to pelvic disc; males with first dorsal fin higher than second dorsal fin, spines not filamentous; predorsal midline with 9-17 cycloid scales; males blackish, 5 or 6 bars between second dorsal and anal fins; and females with midlateral band straight with blotchy patches on caudal peduncle.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

The species is found in coastal steams, in clear and oxygen rich water, in the lower course of rivers, up to 50 m in altitude. It prefers rocky substrates, with boulders and pebbles, and slow to medium currents (pools). It feeds on algae and small invertebrates, scraping them of the surface of the rocks. The species is amphidromous. After the reproduction in freshwater, larvae go at sea where they undergo a planktonic life for several months (Ref. 87781). Inhabits large and quite streams, preferring pools and backwater areas. (Ref. 26040).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Watson, R.E., 1996. A review of Stiphodon from New Guinea and adjacent regions, with descriptions of five new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Sicydiinae). Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 23(3-4):113-132. (Ref. 26040)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00423 - 0.02842), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .