分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海; 汽水性の 底生の; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 17 - 100 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 34°N - 27°S, 31°E - 172°E (Ref. 3810)
Indo-West Pacific: from the Red Sea to Taiwan and northern Australia. This species name has been misapplied to Nemipterus furcosus.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 45.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 48635); common length : 17.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 3810)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 10; 背鰭 (合計): 9; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins short, not reaching to level of anus. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to level of anus. Dorsal fin spines elongate, interspinous membrane deeply incised. Upper lobe of caudal fin pointed and slightly longer than lower. A line drawn up from the posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile at or just before origin of dorsal fin. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper part of body pinkish, lower part silvery. Golden-yellow stripe on snout in front of eye.
Occurs on sand or mud bottoms and feeds on fish, crustaceans, mollusks and polychaetes. Usually in small groups; flighty during the day (Ref. 48635). Trawled in commercial quantities in the Straits of Malacca and off the Terengganu coast, South China Sea.
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Two prolonged spawning seasons are likely in the South China Sea off the Trengganu coast: from November to February, and another starting in May or June. Also Ref. 103751.
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.1 - 28.6, mean 27.5 (based on 746 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00632 - 0.01817), b=2.88 (2.74 - 3.02), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=1).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .