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Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795)

Mrigal carp
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Cirrhinus cirrhosus
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Cirrhinus: Latin, cirrus = curl fringe (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Issue
The species Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822) is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870) following Menon (1999: Ref. 41236). Please send references, or more studies are needed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce; salobre bentopelágico; potamodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 5 - ? m (Ref. 4832).   Tropical; 28°N - 7°N

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Asia: native to large rivers in the Indian subcontinent (Ref. 12693). Has been so widely transported in connection to aquaculture that its natural distribution can no longer be determined (Ref. 33488).

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 33488); common length : 40.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 6028); peso máximo publicado: 12.7 kg (Ref. 4832)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 12-15; Vértebra: 39. Body plain greyish; 12-15 branched dorsal rays (Ref. 43281).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit fast flowing streams and rivers (Ref. 41236). Can tolerate high levels of salinity. Juveniles are omnivorous to about 5 cm TL, adults are almost entirely herbivorous. Feed on plankton, but also grazes on algae. Spawning occurs in marginal areas of the water body with a depth of 50-100 cm over a sand or clay substrate. A 6 kg female can lay a million eggs (of 1 mm diameter) (Ref. 6028). Widely cultured in India but fails to breed naturally in ponds, thus induced breeding is done. Fishery harvests 40 cm fish weighing 1000 g and of about 3 years. A very active fish that thrives in ponds but spawns in swift rivers. Fingerlings are in great demand for stocking ponds between July and November (Ref. 4832).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Roberts, T.R., 1997. Systematic revision of the tropical Asian labeon cyprinid fish genus Cirrhinus, with descriptions of new species and biological observations on C. lobatus. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 45:171-203. (Ref. 33488)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Vulnerable, ver lista roja de la UICN (VU) (D2); Date assessed: 17 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: muy comercial; Acuicultura: comercial; pesca deportiva: si
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Más información

Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00688 - 0.01006), b=3.02 (2.97 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.17 se; Based on food items.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (K=0.12-0.29).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.