Pseudobalistes fuscus, Yellow-spotted triggerfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Pseudobalistes fuscus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Yellow-spotted triggerfish
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Pseudobalistes fuscus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pseudobalistes fuscus (Yellow-spotted triggerfish)
Pseudobalistes fuscus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Pseudobalistes: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, ballo = to throw (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 30 - 50 m (Ref. 1602).   热带; 32°N - 24°S, 30°E - 145°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa (Ref. 4420) and east to the Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia and New Caledonia. Uncommon in the Pacific (Ref. 9710).
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的德尔班 (参考文献 4420) 而且东至社会群岛, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲大堡礁的南方与新加勒多尼亚。 罕见在太平洋.(参考文献 9710)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9770)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 3; 背的软条 (总数): 24-27; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 19 - 24. Dark brown, scales with yellow spot; pectoral, soft dorsal, anal and caudal fins dark with yellow margins; juveniles yellowish brown with bluish grey spots and blotches (Ref. 4420). Juveniles under about 5 cm, tan with dark saddles and numerous dark wavy lines on the body. Larger juveniles loose the dark saddles and become covered in a network of brilliant blue lines which become increasingly interconnected with growth (Ref. 37816).
深褐色的, 鳞片有黄斑; 胸鳍, 软的背鳍、臀鳍与尾鳍深色且有黄色的边缘; 稚鱼土黄色有蓝灰色的斑点与斑块。 (参考文献 4420) 在大约 5 公分下面的稚鱼, 黄褐色的在身体上有深色的鞍状斑与很多的深色波浪状的线。 较大的稚鱼释放深色的鞍状斑而且在逐渐地变成随着成长互相连接的一个色彩艳丽蓝色的线网络变成隐蔽着。 (参考文献 37816)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occur in clear shallow lagoons and seaward reefs; sandy areas near reef patches of reef edge are preferred. Adults on deep reefs or with shipwrecks, usually deeper than 30 meters. Juveniles inshore on rubble reef or small outcrops on open substrate (Ref. 48637). Feed on sea urchins, crustaceans, mollusks, dead fish, tunicates or corals (Ref. 5503). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Also caught with drive-in nets. Marketed fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9770).

出现在清澈的舄湖浅滩与临海礁石; 在礁边缘的礁区块附近的沙地被偏爱。 成鱼在深的礁上或具有遇难船, 通常深度超过 30 公尺。 在开放性的底层上稚鱼在沿海地区的碎石礁或小的露头。 (参考文献 48637) 捕食海胆,甲壳动物,软件动物,死的鱼,被囊类或珊瑚。 (参考文献 5503) 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 一夫一妻的.(参考文献 52884) 也用围网捕获。 在市场上销售生鲜或干渍了。 (参考文献 9770)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Nest-guarding females are aggressive (Ref. 9770). Females are territorial, solely tending and guarding the eggs. Males exhibit polygyny (Ref. 116451).印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的德尔班 (参考文献 4420) 而且东至社会群岛, 北至日本南部, 南至澳洲大堡礁的南方与新加勒多尼亚。 罕见在太平洋.(参考文献 9710)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Matsuura, Keiichi | 合作者

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 28.4, mean 27.5 (based on 138 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03631 (0.02113 - 0.06240), b=2.94 (2.79 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.