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Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Red seabream
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Pagrus major   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pagrus major
Picture by IGFA

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Pagrus: Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex, sp. (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin dmersal; ocanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 10 - 200 m (Ref. 41299).   Subtropical; 34°N - 15°N

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: northeastern part of South China Sea (Philippines excluded) northward to Japan.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 33.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 559); common length : 30.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 2115); poids max. publié: 9.7 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8. Body with many bluish dots when fresh. Shallow body, body depth 2 or more in SL. Transverse scales 6.5-7.5. All spines of dorsal fin tough and not elongated. Posterior margin of caudal fin black, lower margin white (Ref. 42199).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs from 10 to 50 m depths, often on rough grounds, but also on softer bottoms. Also inhabits reefs (Ref. 9988). Adults migrate into shallower parts of their depth range to spawn in late spring and summer; juveniles occur mainly in the shallower areas. It is a popular food fish throughout its range. It is high-priced in Japan and used in various occasions such as wedding and festival. Feeds on benthic invertebrates, including echinoderms, worms, mollusks and crustaceans; also on fishes. Marketed live, fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Cultivated in cages (Ref. 9988). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Conflicting descriptions of the reproductive style of this species have been reported, e.g., Ref. 34228 describe this species as being a gonochorist (Ref. 28504). After clarificatory analyses on the protogynous characteristics of this species, gonochorism is confirmed (Ref. 103751).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Eggleston, D., 1974. Sparidae. In W. Fischer and P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 57) and Western Central Pacific (Fishing Area 71), Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 2115)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17 - 24.4, mean 21.8 (based on 143 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00919 - 0.02171), b=3.00 (2.87 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.27, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.47, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.