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Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Red seabream
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pagrus major   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pagrus major (Red seabream)
Pagrus major
Picture by IGFA

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies) 鯛科 (Porgies)
Etymology: Pagrus: Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex, sp. (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 200 m (Ref. 41299).   亞熱帶的; 34°N - 15°N

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Northwest Pacific: northeastern part of South China Sea (Philippines excluded) northward to Japan.
西北太平洋: 南中國海 (菲律賓排除) 的東北方部份向北至日本。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 33.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 559); common length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 2115); 最大體重: 9.7 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 12; 背的軟條 (總數): 10; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. Body with many bluish dots when fresh. Shallow body, body depth 2 or more in SL. Transverse scales 6.5-7.5. All spines of dorsal fin tough and not elongated. Posterior margin of caudal fin black, lower margin white (Ref. 42199).
身體有新鮮時的許多藍色的點。 淺的身體, 體高 2 或更多分之一標準體長。 橫跨的鱗片 6.5-7.5. 背鰭的所有棘強硬的而不是延長了。 尾鰭後緣黑色, 下緣白色.(參考文獻 42199)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs from 10 to 50 m depths, often on rough grounds, but also on softer bottoms. Also inhabits reefs (Ref. 9988). Adults migrate into shallower parts of their depth range to spawn in late spring and summer; juveniles occur mainly in the shallower areas. It is a popular food fish throughout its range. It is high-priced in Japan and used in various occasions such as wedding and festival. Feeds on benthic invertebrates, including echinoderms, worms, mollusks and crustaceans; also on fishes. Marketed live, fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Cultivated in cages (Ref. 9988). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).

生存於 10 到 50 公尺深, 時常在粗燥的底部上, 也在軟質底部上。 也居住於礁。 (參考文獻 9988) 成魚迴游進入他們的深度範圍的較淺的部分之內產卵於春末與夏天中; 稚魚出現主要在較淺的區域。 在它的分佈範圍各處它是一個受歡迎的食用魚。 它是評價很高在日本而且被用於各種不同的場合例如婚禮與節日。 吃底棲的無脊椎動物,包括棘皮動物,蠕蟲,軟體動物與甲殼動物; 也吃魚。 活魚銷售了, 生鮮和冷凍; 清蒸, 油鍋炸的﹐火烤的﹐和煮沸而燒烤的.(參考文獻 9988) 用蒸籠蒸。 (參考文獻 9988) 被用於中藥材了。 (參考文獻 12166)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Conflicting descriptions of the reproductive style of this species have been reported, e.g., Ref. 34228 describe this species as being a gonochorist (Ref. 28504). After clarificatory analyses on the protogynous characteristics of this species, gonochorism is confirmed (Ref. 103751).西北太平洋: 南中國海 (菲律賓排除) 的東北方部份向北至日本。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Eggleston, D., 1974. Sparidae. In W. Fischer and P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 57) and Western Central Pacific (Fishing Area 71), Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 2115)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17 - 24.4, mean 21.8 (based on 143 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00919 - 0.02171), b=3.00 (2.87 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.27, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.47, Based on 1 stock assessment.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   High.