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Plectorhinchus mediterraneus (Guichenot, 1850)

Rubberlip grunt
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Plectorhinchus mediterraneus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Plectorhinchus mediterraneus (Rubberlip grunt)
Plectorhinchus mediterraneus
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Guichenot.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; djupintervall 10 - 180 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical; 45°N - 22°S, 25°W - 20°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal to Henties Bay, Namibia (Ref. 11228). Also from the western Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 231) and the Canary Islands (Ref. 5535). Records in eastern Mediterranean are questionable (Ref. 57855, Ref. 113897).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5535); common length : 60.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5535); publicerad maxvikt: 7.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10 - 13; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 17-20. Grey violet color, abdomen light (Ref. 5377).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms. Feeds on zoobenthos and zooplankton (Ref. 5535). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 5535.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Ben-Tuvia, A. and R. McKay, 1986. Haemulidae. p. 858-864. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 2. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5535)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 19 October 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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Stocks
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synonymer
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.1 - 24.4, mean 19 (based on 81 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00824 - 0.02013), b=3.04 (2.91 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.52 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 6.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.18;).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.80, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.