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Plectorhinchus mediterraneus (Guichenot, 1850)

Rubberlip grunt
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Plectorhinchus mediterraneus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Plectorhinchus mediterraneus (Rubberlip grunt)
Plectorhinchus mediterraneus
Picture by Wirtz, P.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Guichenot.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut dasar (demersal); kisaran kedalaman 10 - 180 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical; 45°N - 22°S, 25°W - 20°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal to Henties Bay, Namibia (Ref. 11228). Also from the western Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 231) and the Canary Islands (Ref. 5535). Records in eastern Mediterranean are questionable (Ref. 57855, Ref. 113897).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 5535); common length : 60.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 5535); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 7.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 10 - 13; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 17-20. Grey violet color, abdomen light (Ref. 5377).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms. Feeds on zoobenthos and zooplankton (Ref. 5535). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 5535.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Ben-Tuvia, A. and R. McKay, 1986. Haemulidae. p. 858-864. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 2. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5535)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kekurangan data (DD) ; Date assessed: 19 October 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.1 - 24.4, mean 19 (based on 81 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00824 - 0.02013), b=3.04 (2.91 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.52 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 6.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.18;).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.80, Based on 1 stock assessment.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Low.