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Sebastes melanops Girard, 1856

Black rockfish
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Sebastes melanops
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae (Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335);  melanops: From the Greek melas and ops meaning 'black' and 'face' (Ref. 27436).  More on author: Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 0 - 366 m (Ref. 6885), usually 183 - 274 m (Ref. 6885).   Temperate; 62°N - 22°N, 170°E - 110°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Amchitka Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska to Paradise Cove, Baja California, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 40.2, range 30 - 42 cm
Max length : 63.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 27437); max. veröff. Gewicht: 4.8 kg (Ref. 2850); max. veröff. Alter: 50 Jahre (Ref. 39247)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 13 - 14; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 13-16; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7 - 9; Wirbelzahl: 26. Head spines weak to very weak - nasals present, preocular and postocular spines usually absent, supraocular, tympanic, coronal, parietal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). Symphyseal knob very weak or absent (Ref. 27437). Eyes moderately large (Ref. 27437). Anal fin profile rounded or with greater portion slanted posteriorly (Ref. 27437). Posterior margin of caudal fin indented (Ref. 27437). Dark grey to black with light grey mottling dorsally, lighter ventrally (Ref. 27437). Branchiostegal rays: 7 (Ref. 36715).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found near rocky reefs in shallow water and in open water over deep banks (Ref. 2850). Adults live both off and on bottom (Ref. 2850). Juveniles are pelagic (Ref. 36715). Form schools (Ref. 2850). Feed on fishes (Ref. 27302). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36715). Young are important prey species for other fishes, marine mammals and birds. Excellent food fish (Ref. 27436).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Viviparous (Ref. 36715, 34817).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
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Eier
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.8 - 7.8, mean 5.5 (based on 52 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (tm=7.5; K=0.14; tmax=50).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.