Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335); symmetricus: From symmetricus which means regularly formed - referring to the rough tail (Ref. 6885). More on author: Ayres.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 400 m. Subtropical; 65°N - 13°N
Eastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska to southern Baja California, Mexico and the Gulf of California; reported from Acapulco in Mexico and the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 31 cm
Max length : 81.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 2850); common length : 55.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9283); Età massima riportata: 30 anni (Ref. 766)
Spine dorsali (totale): 8 - 9; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 28-38; Spine anali 1-2; Raggi anali molli: 22 - 33; Vertebre: 23 - 25. Small specimens may have an additional forward-directed spine at first dorsal origin (embedded in larger specimens).
Adults are often found offshore, up to 500 miles from the coast (Ref. 9283). They form large schools (Ref. 2850). Young frequently occur in school near kelp and under piers (Ref. 2850). They feed mainly on small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 9283). Large individuals often move inshore and north in the summer (Ref. 2850). Marketed fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Pesca: commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7 - 16.2, mean 9.2 (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00603 - 0.01584), b=2.95 (2.81 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278
): Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (K=0.09-0.21;tm=2-3; tmax=30; Fec<50,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .