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Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1854

Pacific barracuda
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sphyraena argentea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sphyraena argentea (Pacific barracuda)
Sphyraena argentea
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 0 - 18 m (Ref. 2850).   Temperate; 58°N - 24°N, 155°W - 111°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Alaska to Magdalena Bay, Baja California. Not common north of Point Conception (Ref. 11484).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 145 cm FL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 40637); publicerad maxvikt: 12.0 kg (Ref. 40637); rapporterad maxålder: 12 år (Ref. 56049)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 6; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9-10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 1; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 9. Color bluish or brownish dorsally, silvery ventrally (Ref. 6885).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Usually near shore or near the surface (Ref. 2850). Often in small schools (Ref. 2850). Young enter bays (Ref. 2850). Feed mainly on other fishes (Ref. 2850). Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049). Migrate south from the California coast during autumn, but may remain in front of the Mexican coast throughout the year (Ref. 9345). Utilized fresh, dried or salted and frozen; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Considered as potentially dangerous due to its large, sharp teeth and aggressive disposition, though there are no reports of attacks (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 May 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 13513)





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.9 - 23.1, mean 12.4 (based on 212 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.14; tm=2-3; tmax=12; Fec=42,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.