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Stegastes variabilis (Castelnau, 1855)

Cocoa damselfish
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Stegastes variabilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Stegastes variabilis
Picture by Luiz, Jr., O.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Stegastes: Greek, stegastos, -e, -on = covered (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Castelnau.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री प्रवाल-भित्ति संयुक्त; गैर प्रवासी; गहराई सीमा 0 - 30 m (Ref. 7247).   Tropical; 6°S - 30°S, 50°W - 31°W

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Brazil. Caribbean (described from Cuban specimens) species refers to Stegastes xanthurus (formerly considered as a junior synonym of S. variabilis). Populations from Brazil and the Caribbean are genetically very distinct (Roberstson & van Tassell, 2012; accessed 08 August 2016; http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/caribbean/en/thefishes/species/3884).

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 9626)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 12; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 14-17; गुदा कांटा 2; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 12 - 15. Caudal fin slightly forked, with rounded lobes. Dark brown or blue above, shading to yellow below. Narrow, dark, obliquely vertical lines on side. Snout and forehead have bright blue lines. Small dark spot in pectoral axil, another on top of caudal peduncle (Ref. 26938).

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Adults inhabit inshore and offshore coral reefs. They feed mainly on benthic algae but also on sponges, ascidians and anemones while juveniles feed on invertebrates like harpacticoid copepods and nemerteans (Ref. 9626). Often solitary (Ref. 9626). Juveniles are aggressively territorial (Ref. 9626). Aggressive when breeding (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Taken incidentally in traps and small-meshed beach nets (Ref. 5217).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : Allen, Gerald R. | सहयोगीयो

Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

जलजीवालय: व्यापारिक
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.5 - 27.5, mean 25.9 (based on 139 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00979 - 0.02945), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
लौटाव (Ref. 69278):  ऊंचा, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी समय अवलागत 15 महीने। (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .