Centropomus undecimalis, Common snook : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792)

Common snook
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Centropomus undecimalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centropomus undecimalis (Common snook)
Centropomus undecimalis
Picture by Patzner, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centropomidae (Snooks)
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; swasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; amphidrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich ? - 22 m (Ref. 26912).   Tropical; 25°C - 31°C (Ref. 36880); 33°N - 35°S, 98°W - 33°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), southeastern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, most of the Antilles and Caribbean coast of Central and South America extending southward to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; also North Carolina and Texas, USA (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 42 - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9710); common length : 50.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3713); max. veröff. Gewicht: 24.3 kg (Ref. 4699); max. veröff. Alter: 7 Jahre (Ref. 12193)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 8 - 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 10; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 6. 67- to 72 pored scales on lateral line to base of caudal fin (Ref. 26938). Black lateral line (Ref. 13442).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually at depths less than 20 m (Ref. 3713). Feed on fishes (Gobiidae, Gerreidae, Engraulidae) and crustaceans (shrimps and crabs) (Ref. 35237). Mature individuals congregate at mouths of passes and rivers during the spawning season, May through September (Ref. 3713). Seasonal movements into freshwater occur but poorly understood (Ref. 3713). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5712). Valued game fish and an excellent food fish (Ref. 26938). The world record for hook and line is a 53-lb., 10 ounce fish caught at Parismina Ranch, Costa Rica (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Also Ref. 103751.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Aquakultur: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Aquakultur: production; Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.3 (based on 864 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00586 - 0.00982), b=3.02 (2.96 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.3-0.49; tm=4; tmax=7; Fec=3 million).
Prior r = 0.87, 95% CL = 0.58 - 1.31, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.