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Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)

California grunion
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Leuresthes tenuis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Leuresthes tenuis (California grunion)
Leuresthes tenuis
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinopsidae (Neotropical silversides) > Atherinopsinae
Etymology: Leuresthes: Greek, leyros, -a, -on = smooth + Greek, esthes = suit, something used to wrap (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Ayres.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; djupintervall 0 - 18 m (Ref. 2850).   Subtropical; 37°N - 24°N, 123°W - 111°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay, USA to Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 11.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2850); rapporterad maxålder: 8 år (Ref. 1744)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 4 - 8; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8-10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 1; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 20 - 24; Ryggkotor: 47 - 50. Branchiostegal rays: 6 (Ref. 36497).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit inshore waters, usually at or near surface along open coast and in bays (Ref. 36497). Oviparous, with planktonic primarily neustonic larvae (Ref. 36497). Eggs are deposited in the sand at night by the female parent (Ref. 58332) just below the high spring tide line (Ref. 36497). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Demersal spawners. Spawn at night on sand beaches at high tides in the spring and summer. Eggs are buried in moist sand by the female parent (Ref. 58332) and hatch about 15 days later during the next series of high tides (Ref. 2850). Females spawn 4 to 8 times during a season (Ref. 4563).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15 - 23.2, mean 21 (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00265 - 0.01309), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (tmax=4; k >0.30; tm=1.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.