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Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)

California grunion
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Leuresthes tenuis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Leuresthes tenuis (California grunion)
Leuresthes tenuis
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinopsidae (Neotropical silversides) > Atherinopsinae
Etymology: Leuresthes: Greek, leyros, -a, -on = smooth + Greek, esthes = suit, something used to wrap (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Ayres.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 18 m (Ref. 2850).   Subtropical; 37°N - 24°N, 123°W - 111°W

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay, USA to Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 11.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 2850); Età massima riportata: 8 anni (Ref. 1744)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 4 - 8; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 8-10; Spine anali 1; Raggi anali molli: 20 - 24; Vertebre: 47 - 50. Branchiostegal rays: 6 (Ref. 36497).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit inshore waters, usually at or near surface along open coast and in bays (Ref. 36497). Oviparous, with planktonic primarily neustonic larvae (Ref. 36497). Eggs are deposited in the sand at night by the female parent (Ref. 58332) just below the high spring tide line (Ref. 36497). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Demersal spawners. Spawn at night on sand beaches at high tides in the spring and summer. Eggs are buried in moist sand by the female parent (Ref. 58332) and hatch about 15 days later during the next series of high tides (Ref. 2850). Females spawn 4 to 8 times during a season (Ref. 4563).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15 - 23.2, mean 21 (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00265 - 0.01309), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (tmax=4; k >0.30; tm=1.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.