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Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853)

Mosquitofish
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Gambusia affinis
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Gambusia: Gambusia: From the Cuban term, Gambusino, which means "nothing", usually in the context of a joke or a farce. Fishing for gambusinos = when one catches nothing (Ref. 45335);  affinis: From the Latin word affinusmeaning related (Ref. 79012).  More on authors: Baird & Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; potamodromous.   Subtropical; 12°C - 29°C (Ref. 52055); 42°N - 26°N

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

North and Central America: Mississippi River basin from central Indiana and Illinois in USA south to Gulf of Mexico and Gulf Slope drainages west to Mexico. One of the species with the widest range of introductions which acquired for itself a near pan-global distribution (Ref. 1739). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 50932); 7.0 cm TL (female); common length : 3.9 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 12193); 最大記録サイズ: 3 年 (Ref. 796)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 7-9; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 9 - 10. Origin of dorsal fin opposite 7th anal ray. Length of anal base much less than half distance from caudal. 8 horizontal scale rows between back and abdomen. Ventrals terminate immediately before anal fin. Pelvic fins reach ventrals.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Most abundant in lower reaches of streams (Ref. 44091). Adults inhabit standing to slow-flowing water; most common in vegetated ponds and lakes, backwaters and quiet pools of streams. Found frequently in brackish water (Ref. 5258). Pelagic and surface predatory fish (Ref. 94816). Feed on zooplankton, small insects and detritus (Ref. 5258, 10294). Used as live food for carnivorous aquarium fishes. Viviparous (Ref. 5258, 30578). Effective in mosquito control and widely introduced, but found to compete with indigenous fish and to upset the ecological balance (Ref. 6351).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

The species is viviparous (Ref. 5258). Internal fertilization is possible because the anal fin of the male is modified into a copulatory organ. The females carries about 30 alevins and gestation lasts for a period of 24 days (Ref. 6348) to a month (Ref. 30578).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 February 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Potential pest





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

より多くの情報

Age/Size
成長
体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
幼生の動力
補充
豊度
協力者
画像
Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00636 - 0.00991), b=3.11 (3.05 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=1.20; tmax=3; Fec=10-60).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.