You can sponsor this page

Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Mummichog
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Fundulus heteroclitus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | 谷歌图片
Image of Fundulus heteroclitus (Mummichog)
Fundulus heteroclitus
Juvenile picture by Terceira, A.C.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae (Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Fundulus: Latin, fundus = bottom; a peculiar name for a topminnow, coined for a bottom species of Atlantic coast being "the abode of the fundulus mudfish" (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 非迁移的.   溫帶; 10°C - 24°C (Ref. 12468); 52°N - 28°N, 82°W - 57°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence to northeast Florida, USA. Two subspecies were previously recognized: Fundulus heteroclitus heteroclitus and Fundulus heteroclitus macrolepidotus (Ref. 86798). Introduced to southern Portugal and southern Spain (Ref. 59043).
西大西洋: 沙土色鉤, 到佛羅里達東北方的紐澤西州, 與在切薩皮克下游與德拉瓦州海灣中。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 27139); common length : 8.9 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大年龄: 4 年 (Ref. 59043)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Distinguished from nearly identical species Fundulus grandis by having the following characters: more convex upper profile; dark bars alternating with silvery interspaces on side; small ocellus at rear of dorsal fin of male; and each mandible with 4 pores (Ref. 86798).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in saltwater marshes, tidal creeks and nearby fresh water (Ref. 86798). A resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612). Adults are mainly found in saltwater marshes and in tidal creeks. They may leave tide pools if aquatic conditions become inhospitable (Ref. 31184). They also enter fresh water to a limited extent (Ref. 7251). Not a seasonal killifish. They breathe air when out of water (Ref. 31184). Difficult to maintain in aquariums (Ref. 27139). Introduction has caused the decline of native species and near extinction of Aphanius baeticus in southwestern Spain (Ref. 59043).

一个定居的潮间带的种有归巢的行为。 (参考文献 32612) 主要地发现于盐水的湿地了与在潮汐的小溪中。 如果水生的环境变成不适居留,可能离开潮池。 (参考文献 31184) 进入淡水到有限的范围。 (参考文献 7251) 不是一个季节性的鱂科鱼类。 呼吸空气当离开水面.(参考文献 31184) 难以维持在水族馆.(参考文献 27139)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Deposits eggs in the shells of Modiolus demissus (Ref. 26281).西大西洋: 沙土色鉤, 到佛羅里達東北方的紐澤西州, 與在切薩皮克下游與德拉瓦州海灣中。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 February 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

更多信息

参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.1 - 23.7, mean 9.3 (based on 163 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00502 - 0.02287), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm<1; tmax=4).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .