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Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Mummichog
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Fundulus heteroclitus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Fundulus heteroclitus (Mummichog)
Fundulus heteroclitus
Juvenile picture by Terceira, A.C.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae (Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Fundulus: Latin, fundus = bottom; a peculiar name for a topminnow, coined for a bottom species of Atlantic coast being "the abode of the fundulus mudfish" (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; 移住性ではない.   Temperate; 10°C - 24°C (Ref. 12468); 52°N - 28°N, 82°W - 57°W

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence to northeast Florida, USA. Two subspecies were previously recognized: Fundulus heteroclitus heteroclitus and Fundulus heteroclitus macrolepidotus (Ref. 86798). Introduced to southern Portugal and southern Spain (Ref. 59043).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 27139); common length : 8.9 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 12193); 最大記録サイズ: 4 年 (Ref. 59043)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

Distinguished from nearly identical species Fundulus grandis by having the following characters: more convex upper profile; dark bars alternating with silvery interspaces on side; small ocellus at rear of dorsal fin of male; and each mandible with 4 pores (Ref. 86798).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs in saltwater marshes, tidal creeks and nearby fresh water (Ref. 86798). A resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612). Adults are mainly found in saltwater marshes and in tidal creeks. They may leave tide pools if aquatic conditions become inhospitable (Ref. 31184). They also enter fresh water to a limited extent (Ref. 7251). Not a seasonal killifish. They breathe air when out of water (Ref. 31184). Difficult to maintain in aquariums (Ref. 27139). Introduction has caused the decline of native species and near extinction of Aphanius baeticus in southwestern Spain (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Deposits eggs in the shells of Modiolus demissus (Ref. 26281).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | 協力者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 February 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

より多くの情報

参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Mass conversion
協力者
画像
Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.1 - 23.7, mean 9.3 (based on 163 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00502 - 0.02287), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm<1; tmax=4).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .