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Urophycis chuss (Walbaum, 1792)

Red hake
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Image of Urophycis chuss (Red hake)
Urophycis chuss
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Urophycis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, phyke, pykis, -idos = the female of a fish that lives among algae (Greek = phykon), related with the gudgeon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 35 - 1152 m (Ref. 57178), usually 110 - 130 m.   Temperate; 51°N - 33°N, 79°W - 58°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: North Carolina to southern Nova Scotia, straying to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Rare European records are probably misidentifications of Urophycis tenuis.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 26.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 66.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 40637); publicerad maxvikt: 3.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0. First dorsal fin ray elongated. Pelvic fins also reaching about the anal fin origin. Body color variable, reddish to olive brown dorsally, sometimes very dark or mottled; lower sides paler, sometimes with dusky dots; belly and underside of the head pale. A dusky blotch present on the opercle. The fins are generally dark, except for the pelvic fins, which are pale.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Found on soft muddy and sandy bottoms, but never on rocks, gravel or shells. Juveniles live along the coasts at shallow depths (4-6 m); adults migrate to deeper waters, generally to between 110 and 130 m, and in some instances, to over 550 m. Juveniles live in scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) and remain close to scallop beds until they mature (Ref. 9988). They prefer temperatures of 8-10°C (Ref. 5951). Feed on shrimps, amphipods and other crustaceans, also on squid and herring, flatfish, mackerel and others. Utilized fresh, dried or salted and frozen; also small fish are used for fishmeal ; eaten steamed, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Maximum depth reported from Ref. 57178.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.6 - 11.1, mean 5 (based on 23 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5044   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.19; tm=2-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.