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Histrio histrio (Linnaeus, 1758)

Sargassumfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Histrio histrio   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Histrio histrio (Sargassumfish)
Histrio histrio
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Antennariidae (Frogfishes) > Antennariinae
Etymology: Histrio: Latin, histrionicus = related with actors; because of the movements of that mekaes this fish before catching its preys (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; oceandromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 50 m (Ref. 58302), usually 0 - 2 m (Ref. 58302).   Subtropical; 43°N - 24°S

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: tip of South Africa eastward to Indian and Sri Lanka, including the Red Sea, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius. Western Pacific: Hokkaido to tropical Australia (as far south as Perth in the west and Sydney in the east), including Taiwan, Philippines, Moluccas, southern Papua New Guinea, Guam, Tonga, New Caledonia and New Zealand; Mariana Islands in Micronesia (Ref. 1602). Occurrence in the eastern Pacific remains problematic. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to the mouth of the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay. Eastern Atlantic: Azores and off West Africa; record from Vardø, northern Norway (Düben & Koren 1846) is based on a straggler taken northward by the North Atlantic and Norwegian currents.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 7251)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 3; Raios dorsais moles (total): 11-13; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 6 - 13. Diagnosis: body short and globose; mouth large with many small, villiform teeth; skin naked, but head, body and fins covered with numerous skin flaps; very long pelvic fins (> 25% SL); unprotected illicium or lure attains less than half of second dorsal-fin spine and 4.5-9.3% of SL (Ref. 57225).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Found near the surface, usually associated with floating objects (Ref. 26340) or Sargassum. Found near shore and occasionally among floating seaweeds (Ref. 57225). Commonly blown into shore and bay waters during storms (Ref. 7251). Epipelagic (Ref. 58302). A solitary (Ref. 26340) and voracious predator (Ref. 5521). They feed on fishes and shrimps that seek refuge in the floating weeds (Ref. 48635). Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773, 48635). Solitary or loose groups among floating seaweed (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Oviparous. During courtship, the male follows the female closely then both rush to the surface to spawn (Ref. 205). At this point, eggs are produced in a gelatinous floating mass or 'raft' and inseminated by the male. The eggs remain embedded in this raft until hatching (Ref. 240).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker, 1987. Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





Utilização humana

Pescarias: pescarias de subsistncia; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.4 - 29.2, mean 27.7 (based on 4840 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.