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Richardsonius balteatus (Richardson, 1836)

Redside shiner
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Richardsonius balteatus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: balteatus: balteatus meaning girdled (Ref. 1998).  More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 0 - ? m.   溫帶; 59°N - 34°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: Pacific Slope drainages from Nass River in British Columbia, Canada to Rogue, Klamath and Columbia River drainages in Oregon, Idaho, Nevada and Wyoming, USA; Bonneville basin in south Idaho, west Wyoming and Utah, USA; Peace River system (Arctic basin) in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada. Introduced into upper Missouri River basin ni Montana and Colorado River drainage in Wyoming, Utah, Colarado and Arizona, USA.
北美洲: 在美國奧勒岡州,愛達荷,內華達州與懷俄明州的太平洋斜坡流域從加拿大英屬哥倫比亞的 Nass 河到落鳩河,克拉瑪斯河與哥倫比亞河河流域; 在愛達荷南部, 懷俄明州西部與猶他州的巴那維利河流域; 在加拿大的在卑詩省與亞伯達的和平河流域 (北極流域)。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5723); common length : 6.8 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 8-12; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 24. Body deep and compressed; dorsal fin origin far behind pelvic fin origin; caudal peduncle narrow; caudal fin deeply forked; snout short and point; mouth terminal; eye large; axillary process at pelvic fin base; lateral line decurved, complete wit 52-67 scales; dorsal fin with 8-12 rays (usually 10); anal fin with 10-24 rays (usually 15); intestine long; peritoneum silver; pharyngeal teeth 2,4-4,2 to 2,5-5,2. Olive-gray to brown above, clear to yellow streak above dark stripe along side; red above pectoral fin base on large individuals; clear to yellow-brown fins. Breeding males are brassy yellow, bright red along lower side (Ref. 86798).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits runs and flowing to standing pools of headwaters, creeks, and small to medium rivers as well as lakes and ponds. Usually found over mud or sand, often near vegetation (Ref. 5723, 86798). Forms schools (Ref. 1998). Fry feed on diatoms, copepods, ostracods, and other small planktonic and demersal crustaceans (Ref. 1998). Diet changes to terrestrial and aquatic insects, algae, mollusks, fish eggs (including their own), and small fishes like other redside shiners, other minnows, and trout (Ref. 1998). Preyed upon by mergansers, loons, and mink (Ref. 1998).

栖息于河川源头,小溪与小型到中型的河小支流与细流或不流动之水池; 湖泊与池塘。 通常在泥或沙子上面, 时常在植物的附近。 成群出现。 (参考文献 1998) 鱼苗吃硅藻, 桡脚类的动物,介形虫与其他的小浮游生物与底栖的甲壳动物.(参考文献 1998) 食物变成陆生与水生昆虫,藻类,软件动物,鱼卵 (包括他们自己的) 与小鱼像其他的 redside shiners ,其他的条鱼类与鳟鱼.(参考文献 1998) 被秋沙鸭,潜鸟与貂捕食了。 (参考文献 1998)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Adults move into spawning streams in the afternoon and evening. Spawning occurs as one female and one or two males thrash violently side by side for a few seconds. Fertilized eggs adhere to gravel and vegetation on the bottom.北美洲: 在美國奧勒岡州,愛達荷,內華達州與懷俄明州的太平洋斜坡流域從加拿大英屬哥倫比亞的 Nass 河到落鳩河,克拉瑪斯河與哥倫比亞河河流域; 在愛達荷南部, 懷俄明州西部與猶他州的巴那維利河流域; 在加拿大的在卑詩省與亞伯達的和平河流域 (北極流域)。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .