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Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776)

Bitterling
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Rhodeus sericeus
Female picture by Naseka, A.M.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Acheilognathinae
Etymology: Rhodeus: Greek, rhodeos, a,-on = rose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; stvatten bentopelagisk; pH range: 5.8 - 6.3; dH range: 2 - 3; flodvandrande; djupintervall 0 - ? m.   Temperate; 18°C - 21°C (Ref. 1672); 60°N - 35°N, 5°W - 145°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Asia. Amur basin and Sakhalin Island, Russia. Introduced elsewhere.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 4 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5723); rapporterad maxålder: 5 år (Ref. 27368)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 3; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 8-10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 10; Ryggkotor: 34 - 38

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in ponds, lakes, marshes, muddy and sandy pools and backwaters of rivers (Ref. 5723). Feeds mainly on plant material but also on small larvae of insects. Its occurrence is related to those of the bivalve Anodonta cygnea and other freshwater mussels (Ref. 30578). Known for its habit of laying its eggs in the mantle cavity of freshwater mussels (Ref. 1739). Reproduction takes place from April to June (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Hides eggs in live invertebrates such as mussels, crabs or ascidians. The female develops a conduit ovipositor by which it deposits its ovules between the gills of the bivalve. The male then comes to deposit its seed close to the respiratory opening of the bivalve; at the interior of which fertilization takes place. The male keeps the eggs and alevins until they leave the refuge. In exchange, the fish rids the bivalve of its parasites (Ref. 30578). The young leave the mussel about 28 days after hatching, having reached a length of about 10 mm (Ref. 41678).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Komlev, 2001. Some new data to morphology of Rhodeus sericeus (Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) and a description of a new species, Rhodeus colchicus, from West Transcaucasia. Proc. Zool. Inst. 287:81-97. (Ref. 50154)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Lower Risk: least concern (LR/lc) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: saknar intresse; Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
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Morfologi
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referenser
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00494 - 0.01685), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.08 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (tm=2; tmax=5; Fec=100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .