Rhodeus sericeus, Bitterling : aquarium

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Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776)

Bitterling
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Rhodeus sericeus
Female picture by Naseka, A.M.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Acheilognathinae
Etymology: Rhodeus: Greek, rhodeos, a,-on = rose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce benthopelagico; pH range: 5.8 - 6.3; dH range: 2 - 3; potamodromo; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - ? m.   Temperate; 18°C - 21°C (Ref. 1672); 60°N - 35°N, 5°W - 145°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Asia. Amur basin and Sakhalin Island, Russia. Introduced elsewhere.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 4 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 5723); Età massima riportata: 5 anni (Ref. 27368)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 3; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 8-10; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 8 - 10; Vertebre: 34 - 38

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Occurs in ponds, lakes, marshes, muddy and sandy pools and backwaters of rivers (Ref. 5723). Feeds mainly on plant material but also on small larvae of insects. Its occurrence is related to those of the bivalve Anodonta cygnea and other freshwater mussels (Ref. 30578). Known for its habit of laying its eggs in the mantle cavity of freshwater mussels (Ref. 1739). Reproduction takes place from April to June (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Hides eggs in live invertebrates such as mussels, crabs or ascidians. The female develops a conduit ovipositor by which it deposits its ovules between the gills of the bivalve. The male then comes to deposit its seed close to the respiratory opening of the bivalve; at the interior of which fertilization takes place. The male keeps the eggs and alevins until they leave the refuge. In exchange, the fish rids the bivalve of its parasites (Ref. 30578). The young leave the mussel about 28 days after hatching, having reached a length of about 10 mm (Ref. 41678).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Komlev, 2001. Some new data to morphology of Rhodeus sericeus (Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) and a description of a new species, Rhodeus colchicus, from West Transcaucasia. Proc. Zool. Inst. 287:81-97. (Ref. 50154)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Lower Risk: least concern (LR/lc) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: di nessun interesse; Acquario: Acquari pubblici
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00494 - 0.01685), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.08 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (tm=2; tmax=5; Fec=100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .