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Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776)

Bitterling
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Rhodeus sericeus
Female picture by Naseka, A.M.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Acheilognathinae
Etymology: Rhodeus: Greek, rhodeos, a,-on = rose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल बेनथोपिलाजिक; pH range: 5.8 - 6.3; dH range: 2 - 3; पोटामोड़िरोमस; गहराई सीमा 0 - ? m.   Temperate; 18°C - 21°C (Ref. 1672); 60°N - 35°N, 5°W - 145°E

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Asia. Amur basin and Sakhalin Island, Russia. Introduced elsewhere.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 4 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 5723); अधिकतम सूचित उम्र: 5 वर्षो (Ref. 27368)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 3; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 8-10; गुदा कांटा 3; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 8 - 10; जानवरों की रीड़ का जोड़: 34 - 38

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Occurs in ponds, lakes, marshes, muddy and sandy pools and backwaters of rivers (Ref. 5723). Feeds mainly on plant material but also on small larvae of insects. Its occurrence is related to those of the bivalve Anodonta cygnea and other freshwater mussels (Ref. 30578). Known for its habit of laying its eggs in the mantle cavity of freshwater mussels (Ref. 1739). Reproduction takes place from April to June (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Hides eggs in live invertebrates such as mussels, crabs or ascidians. The female develops a conduit ovipositor by which it deposits its ovules between the gills of the bivalve. The male then comes to deposit its seed close to the respiratory opening of the bivalve; at the interior of which fertilization takes place. The male keeps the eggs and alevins until they leave the refuge. In exchange, the fish rids the bivalve of its parasites (Ref. 30578). The young leave the mussel about 28 days after hatching, having reached a length of about 10 mm (Ref. 41678).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Komlev, 2001. Some new data to morphology of Rhodeus sericeus (Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) and a description of a new species, Rhodeus colchicus, from West Transcaucasia. Proc. Zool. Inst. 287:81-97. (Ref. 50154)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Lower Risk: least concern (LR/lc) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: कोई रुचि बग़ैर; जलजीवालय: सार्वजनिक लजीवालय
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

Age/Size
बाढ़
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
मौरफोमैटरिक्स
आकृति विज्ञान
लार्वा
लारवल गतिकी
भर्ती
बहुतायत
संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00494 - 0.01685), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.08 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (tm=2; tmax=5; Fec=100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .